Bureaucrats as Policy-makers

a decree, the book might have overlooked potentially interesting cases where (political) conflict stopped the development of policy in its tracks. These points are as much suggestions for future research…

Compiling government positions from the Manifesto Project data with R

…2. Exatract the unweighted International peace position from 1980 until 1999 intp<-manifesto.position(‘intpeace’, weighted=F, start=1980, end=1999) hist(intp$position) ## 3. Exatract the weighted Welfare position from 1980 until 1999 in a wide,…

Why EU Commissioners Are Poor Politicians

they want to see more women in managerial positions, but no indication they wanted Commissioners poking their nose into that, or a policy which guarantees 40% of these positions for…